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Genes Dev. 2004 Feb 1;18(3):306-19.

Modulation of mammalian life span by the short isoform of p53.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA.

Abstract

Overexpression of the short isoform of p53 (p44) has unexpectedly uncovered a role for p53 in the regulation of size and life span in the mouse. Hyperactivation of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling axis by p44 sets in motion a kinase cascade that clamps potentially unimpeded growth through p21Cip1. This suggests that pathways of gene activity known to regulate longevity in lower organisms are linked in mammals via p53 to mechanisms for controlling cell proliferation. Thus, appropriate expression of the short and long p53 isoforms might maintain a balance between tumor suppression and tissue regeneration, a major requisite for long mammalian life span.

PMID:
14871929
PMCID:
PMC338283
DOI:
10.1101/gad.1162404
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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