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J Biol Chem. 2004 Apr 23;279(17):18015-25. Epub 2004 Feb 9.

Nectin-like molecule-5/Tage4 enhances cell migration in an integrin-dependent, Nectin-3-independent manner.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine/Faculty of Medicine, Suita 565-0871, Osaka, Japan.


Cell migration plays roles in invasion of transformed cells and scattering of embryonic mesenchymal cells into surrounding tissues. We have found that Ig-like Necl-5/Tage4 is up-regulated in NIH3T3 cells transformed by an oncogenic Ras (V12Ras-NIH3T3 cells) and heterophilically trans-interacts with a Ca(2+)-independent Ig-like cell adhesion molecule nectin-3, eventually enhancing their intercellular motility. We show here that Necl-5 furthermore enhances cell migration in a nectin-3-independent manner. Studies using L fibroblasts expressing various mutants of Necl-5, NIH3T3 cells, and V12Ras-NIH3T3 cells have revealed that Necl-5 enhances serum- and platelet-derived growth factor-induced cell migration. The extracellular region of Necl-5 is necessary for directional cell migration, but not for random cell motility. The cytoplasmic region of Necl-5 is necessary for both directional and random cell movement. Necl-5 colocalizes with integrin alpha(V)beta(3) at leading edges of migrating cells. Analyses using an inhibitor or an activator of integrin alpha(V)beta(3) or a dominant negative mutant of Necl-5 have shown the functional association of Necl-5 with integrin alpha(V)beta(3) in cell motility. Cdc42 and Rac small G proteins are activated by the action of Necl-5 and required for the serum-induced, Necl-5-enhanced cell motility. These results indicate that Necl-5 regulates serum- and platelet-derived growth factor-induced cell migration in an integrin-dependent, nectin-3-independent manner, when cells do not contact other cells. We furthermore show here that enhanced motility and metastasis of V12Ras-NIH3T3 cells are at least partly the result of up-regulated Necl-5.

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