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Kidney Int. 2004 Mar;65(3):897-903.

Regulation of PTH1 receptor expression by uremic ultrafiltrate in UMR 106-01 osteoblast-like cells.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Homologous down-regulation/desensitization of the parathyroid hormone receptor (PTH1R)/adenylate cyclase system has been demonstrated in uremia, and may contribute to parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance; however, additional studies have shown that parathyroidectomy fails to normalize the down-regulation of the PTH1R. The present studies were designed to test directly, in vitro, the hypothesis that factors circulating in the uremic environment, other than PTH, decrease the response of osteoblastic cells to PTH.

METHODS:

Studies were conducted in confluent cultures of UMR 106-01 osteoblast-like cells. Uremic ultrafiltrate (UUF) was obtained from patients on hemodialysis. Cells were exposed to media containing 50% uremic ultrafiltrate for periods of up to 72 hours. Control cultures were exposed to a buffered salt solution containing a comparable ionic composition to that of the UUF. PTH-stimulated cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) generation was determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA), PTH binding and PTH1R mRNA levels were determined by radioligand binding and Northern analysis, respectively.

RESULTS:

PTH-stimulated cAMP generation from cultures treated with uremic ultrafiltrate for 48 hours was 1385.8 +/- 183.2 pmol/culture/5 minutes, whereas control cultures generated 2389.5 +/- 271 pmol cAMP/culture/5 minutes (P < 0.05). PTH binding was decreased by 30% in cultures incubated with UUF as compared to controls. The decrease in binding induced by UUF was accompanied by a decrease in PTH1R mRNA levels.

CONCLUSION:

These findings demonstrate that factors present in UUF decrease PTH-stimulated cAMP generation by a mechanism that involves a decrease in the levels of PTH1R mRNA levels. Thus, the skeletal resistance to PTH in the setting of chronic kidney disease, may be explained, at least in part, by circulating factors other than PTH.

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