Send to

Choose Destination
Environ Microbiol. 2004 Mar;6(3):191-7.

Cloning and functional analysis of alkB genes in Alcanivorax borkumensis SK2.

Author information

Marine Biotechnology Institute, 3-75-1 Heita, Kamaishi, Iwate 026-0001, Japan. Institute of Biotechnology, ETH-Hönggerberg, HPT D71, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland.


Alcanivorax is an alkane-degrading marine bacterium which propagates and becomes predominant in crude-oil-containing seawater when nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients are supplemented. To identify the genes responsible for alkane degradation in this organism, two putative genes for alkane hydroxylases were cloned from Alcanivorax borkumensis SK2. They were named alkB1 and alkB2. These genes were subsequently disrupted in A. borkumensis SK2, and the growth phenotypes of the disruptants were examined. The results indicate that the alkB1 gene is responsible for the degradation of short-chain n-alkanes. A double mutant defective in both alkB1 and alkB2 was still able to grow on medium-chain n-alkanes, indicating that genes other than alkB1 and alkB2 are also involved in n-alkane hydroxylation by A. borkumensis SK2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center