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Brain Res. 1992 Dec 11;598(1-2):51-8.

Intra-amygdaloid infusions of clonidine retard kindling.

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Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, BC, Canada.


It has been reported previously that systemic administration of clonidine, an agonist of alpha-2 noradrenergic receptors, significantly retards amygdaloid kindling by delaying the emergence from partial seizure. We examined the effect of either systemic administration (i.p.) or intra-amygdaloid infusions of clonidine on the kindling of seizures with electrical stimulation of the amygdala. Rats received either low-frequency stimulation of the amygdala, to induce rapid kindling, or conventional high-frequency stimulation. Clonidine and electrical stimulation were administered once every 48 h. We observed a significant retardation of kindling in rats receiving i.p. injections of clonidine (0.1 mg/kg) or infusions of clonidine in concentrations of 10(-7)-10(-4) M, regardless of the stimulation frequency. The prophylactic effect was due to a delay in the progression out of partial seizure. The effect was specific to the amygdala/pyriform region, because infusions of clonidine dorsal to the amygdala were without effect. Intra-amygdaloid clonidine had little effect on established generalized seizures, suggesting that it was producing a genuine prophylactic effect against kindling. We conclude that the subpopulation of alpha-2 adrenoceptors in the amygdala/pyriform region contributes to the antiepileptogenic effect observed after systemic administration of clonidine.

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