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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Dec 15;1175(1):100-6.

Insulin decreases chylomicron production in human fetal small intestine.

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Department of Gastroenterology, Research Center of Hôpital Sainte-Justine, Montréal, Canada.


The objective of this study was to examine the effect of insulin on lipoprotein synthesis and secretion in human fetal intestine. Jejunal explants were cultured with [14C]oleic acid in Leibovitz medium for 42 h. Although the addition of insulin (30 U) did not alter the incorporation of [14C]oleic acid into triglycerides, phospholipids and cholesteryl esters in the tissue, it significantly decreased (P < 0.05) the level of triglycerides (20%) in the medium. Among the three lipoprotein classes (chylomicron, VLDL, and HDL) isolated by ultracentrifugation, the chylomicron level was found significantly (P < 0.05) diminished in the medium (29%). Neither the lipid chemical composition of CM or that of VLDL, LDL and HDL was affected by the presence of insulin. These results suggest that chylomicron synthesis is modulated by insulin, whereas lipoprotein distribution and lipid composition are not regulated by this hormone.

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