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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1992 Nov;18(2):99-105.

Glucagon-glucose (GG) test for the estimation of the insulin reserve in diabetes.

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Department of Medicine, National Cardiovascular Center Hospital, Osaka, Japan.


The residual B-cell function was examined by means of the plasma C-peptide response 6 min after a combined injection of glucagon and glucose (GG test) or conventional glucagon test (G test) in four insulin-dependent diabetic patients (IDDM group), in 18 diabetic patients treated with insulin (Insulin group), 31 treated with oral hypoglycemic agents (SU group) and 27 treated with diet only (Diet group) and in 22 borderline cases. By GG test, 6-min C-peptide values of the IDDM group were 0.27 +/- 0.05 nM (n = 4) and were significantly lower than those of the Insulin group (0.89 +/- 0.09 nM, n = 12), the SU group (1.42 +/- 0.10 nM, n = 13), the Diet group (2.47 +/- 0.22 nM, n = 11) and the borderline cases (3.38 +/- 0.22 nM, n = 11). Patients with a 6-min C-peptide concentration below 0.75 nM by GG test appeared to be insulin-requiring patients. In the G test, plasma C-peptide concentrations at 6 min were 0.35 +/- 0.08 nM in the IDDM group (n = 2), 0.72 +/- 0.20 nM in the Insulin group (n = 7), 1.08 +/- 0.09 nM in the SU group (n = 20), 1.40 +/- 0.19 nM in the Diet group (n = 17) and 2.05 +/- 0.21 nM in the borderline cases (n = 12). Some of the Diet group patients showed extremely low C-peptide responses. When comparing the GG test and G test in individual cases, a greater C-peptide response was seen with the GG test in all cases except for IDDM patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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