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Chest. 2004 Feb;125(2):592-6.

A new oxygenation index for reflecting intrapulmonary shunting in patients undergoing open-heart surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon. mk05@aub.edu.lb

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

To assess the reliability of new and traditional oxygenation measurements in reflecting intrapulmonary shunt.

DESIGN:

Prospective study.

SETTING:

Cardiac surgery unit at a university hospital.

PATIENTS:

Fifty-five patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

Simultaneous blood samples were collected from an indwelling arterial line and a catheter for determination of blood gases. Standard accepted formulas were utilized to measure a new oxygenation index: PaO(2)/fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO(2)) x mean airway pressure (Paw). The standard formulas used were the oxygenation ratio (PaO(2)/FIO(2)), PaO(2)/alveolar partial oxygen pressure (PAO(2)), alveolar-arterial oxygen tension gradient (P[A-a]O(2)), and intrapulmonary shunt (venous admixture [Qsp/Qt]). There were significant negative (p < 0.05) correlations between the PaO(2)/(FIO(2) x Paw) and Qsp/Qt (r = - 0.85), between the PaO(2)/FIO(2) and Qsp/Qt (r = - 0.74), and between the PaO(2)/PAO(2) and Qsp/Qt (r = - 0.71). There was a significant positive (p < 0.05) correlation between the P(A-a)O(2) gradient and Qsp/Qt (r = 0.66). However, the correlation was strongest between the PaO(2)/(FIO(2) x Paw) and Qsp/Qt.

CONCLUSION:

In this group of patients, PaO(2)/(FIO(2) x Paw) might be more reliable than other oxygenation measurements in reflecting intrapulmonary shunt.

PMID:
14769743
DOI:
10.1378/chest.125.2.592
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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