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Exp Neurol. 2003 Dec;184(2):1053-7.

The beta-amyloid-related proteins presenilin 1 and BACE1 are axonally transported to nerve terminals in the brain.

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Division of Neuropathology and the Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.


In this study, we show that removal of entorhinal cortex (ERC) afferents to hippocampus reduces levels of presenilin 1 (PS1) in the dentate gyrus of APPswe/PS1DeltaE9 transgenic (Tg) mice. PS1 immunoreactivity on the deafferented dentate gyrus decreases by approximately 25% and 50%, 2 and 4 weeks post-lesion compared to the contralateral side; by Western blotting, there is an approximately 40% decrease of the 43 kDa (full length) PS1 and an approximately 80% decrease of the 28 kDa (N-terminal fragment) PS1 on the lesioned dentate gyrus. Levels of beta-site APP Cleavage Enzyme 1 (BACE1) immunoreactivity also decrease by approximately 50% and 65% 2 and 4 weeks post-lesion. Together, these data demonstrate that PS1 and BACE1 are transported from the entorhinal cortex to the hippocampus via axons of the perforant pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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