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Diabetes Nutr Metab. 2003 Aug;16(4):214-21.

Prospective multicentre trial comparing the efficacy of, and compliance with, glimepiride or acarbose treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes not controlled with diet alone.

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1
3rd Department of Internal Medicine, City Hospital Lainz, Vienna, Austria. fec@3me.khl.magwien.gv.at

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the efficacy of, and compliance with, glimepiride or acarbose in patients with Type 2 diabetes.

METHODS:

Two hundred and nineteen patients with Type 2 diabetes uncontrolled by diet alone were randomized to receive either glimepiride (1, 2, 3, 4 or 6 mg once daily, n = 111) or acarbose (50, 100, 150 or 200 mg 3 times daily, n = 108). Both drugs were titrated in a 6-week dose-finding phase to achieve a fasting blood glucose (FBG) concentration < or = 7.8 mmol/ (140 mg/dl). Patients achieving this target entered a 20-week treatment period. Efficacy was assessed by responder rate, number of patients achieving a FBG of < or = 7.8 mmol/l, HbA1c, blood glucose concentrations in response to a standard breakfast, body weight and compliance.

RESULTS:

Glimepiride was associated with a significantly greater responder rate than acarbose (61 vs 34%, p < 0.001), significantly greater decreases in HbA1c (2.5 +/- 2.2% vs 1.8 +/- 2.2%, p = 0.014) and FBG (2.6 +/- 2.6 mmol/l vs 1.4 +/- 2.8 mmo/l, p = 0.004), a decreased glucose response to breakfast compared with acarbose [area under curve (AUC) end: 8.9 +/- 2.7 mmol/l vs 11.3 +/- 3.9 mmol/l, p = 0.0001], and was accompanied by significantly greater compliance (91 < or = 12% vs 66 +/- 26%, p = 0.0001). Weight loss during the study was observed in both the acarbose group (1.9 +/- 3.9 kg, p = 0.001) and glimepiride group [0.4 +/- 5.2 kg, p = 0.8 (NS)].

CONCLUSIONS:

Improved efficacy and greater compliance were observed in response to treatment with glimepiride compared with acarbose, in patients with Type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
14768770
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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