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EMBO J. 2004 Feb 11;23(3):520-30. Epub 2004 Feb 5.

Preprotein recognition by the Toc complex.

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Botanik, LMU München, Germany.


The Toc core complex consists of the pore-forming Toc75 and the GTPases Toc159 and Toc34. We confirm that the receptor form of Toc159 is integrated into the membrane. The association of Toc34 to Toc75/Toc159 is GTP dependent and enhanced by preprotein interaction. The N-terminal half of the pSSU transit peptide interacts with high affinity with Toc159, whereas the C-terminal part stimulates its GTP hydrolysis. The phosphorylated C-terminal peptide of pSSU interacts strongly with Toc34 and therefore inhibits binding and translocation of pSSU into Toc proteoliposomes. In contrast, Toc159 recognises only the dephosphorylated forms. The N-terminal part of the pSSU presequence does not influence binding to the Toc complex, but is able to block import into proteoliposomes through its interaction with Toc159. We developed a model of differential presequence recognition by Toc34 and Toc159.

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