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Blood. 2004 May 15;103(10):3751-9. Epub 2004 Feb 5.

Comparative proteomics of primitive hematopoietic cell populations reveals differences in expression of proteins regulating motility.

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Department of Biomolecular Sciences, UMIST, Manchester, United Kingdom.


Lineage-marker depleted (Lin(-)) murine bone marrow cells expressing stem cell antigen 1 (Sca-1) were sorted on the basis of stem cell factor receptor (c-kit) expression to obtain Lin(-)Sca(+)Kit(+) or Lin(-)Sca(+)Kit(-) cells. Lin(-)Sca(+)Kit(-) cells have a markedly greater chemotactic response to stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1). Using a novel fluorescent stain, we show that both populations generate similar levels of a key messenger, phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5 trisphosphate (PIP(3)), in response to SDF-1. Differences in motile behavior may therefore lie downstream of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) activation at the level of cytoskeleton regulation. The 2 cell populations were compared using 2-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE), with a maleimide CyDye fluorescent protein labeling technique that has enhanced sensitivity for low abundance samples. Comparative proteomic analysis of Cy3- and Cy5-labeled protein samples allows relative quantification of protein spots present in both cell populations; of these, 73% were common. Key protein differences were adseverin and gelsolin, actin micro-filament splicing proteins, regulated by Rac, downstream of PI3-kinase activation. Adseverin was shown to be acetylated, a novel modification for this protein. Differences in major regulators of cell shape and motility between the 2 populations can explain the differential response to SDF-1.

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