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Cell Microbiol. 2004 Mar;6(3):255-67.

Helicobacter pylori gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase upregulates COX-2 and EGF-related peptide expression in human gastric cells.

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Dipartimento di Biologia e Patologia Cellulare e Molecolare 'L. Califano', Universit√° di Napoli 'Frederico II', Napoli, Italy.


Gastric mucosa responds to Helicobacter pylori-induced cell damage by increasing the expression of COX-2 and EGF-related peptides. We sought to investigate the bacterial virulence factor/s and the host cellular pathways involved in the upregulation of COX-2, HB-EGF and amphiregulin in MKN 28 and AGS gastric mucosal cells. H. pylori strain CCUG 17874 was grown in Brucella broth supplemented with 0.2% (2,6-dimethyl)-beta-cyclodextrins. The soluble proteins released in the culture medium by the bacterium were fractionated by exclusion size and anion exchange chromatography. A single peak retaining the ability to upregulate COX-2 and HB-EGF mRNA and protein expression was obtained. SDS-PAGE analysis of the peak showed two peptides with an apparent molecular weight of 38 and 22 kDa, which were identified by automated Edman degradation analysis as the N-terminal and C-terminal peptides of H. pylori gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase respectively. Acivicin, a selective gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase inhibitor, counteracted H. pylori-induced upregulation of COX-2 and EGF-related peptide mRNA expression. An H. pylori isogenic mutant gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase-deficient strain did not exert any effect on COX-2, HB-EGF and amphiregulin mRNA expression. Blockade of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase and p38 kinase, but not MAP kinase kinase, inhibited H. pylori gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase-induced upregulation of COX-2 and EGF-related peptide mRNA expression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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