Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Endocrinol. 2004 Feb;150(2):225-34.

The role of CXCR5 and its ligand CXCL13 in the compartmentalization of lymphocytes in thyroids affected by autoimmune thyroid diseases.

Author information

1
Institute of Anatomy, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. ausg@medizin.uni-leipzig.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) are characterized by lymphocytic infiltrates partly resembling secondary lymphoid follicles in the thyroid. CXCR5 and its ligand CXCL13 regulate compartmentalization of B- and T-cells in secondary lymphoid organs. The aim of the study was to elucidate the role of this chemokine receptor-ligand pair in thyroid autoimmunity.

METHODS:

Peripheral blood and thyroid-derived lymphocyte subpopulations were examined by flow cytometry for CXCR5. CXCR5 and CXCL13 cDNA were quantified in thyroid tissues by real-time RT-PCR.

RESULTS:

We found no differences between the percentages of peripheral blood CXCR5+ T- and B-cells in GD patients (n=10) and healthy controls (n=10). In GD patients, the number of memory CD4+ cells expressing CXCR5 which are functionally characterized as follicular B helper T-cells is higher in thyroid-derived (18+/-3%) compared with peripheral blood T-lymphocytes (8+/-2%). The highest CXCL13 mRNA levels were found in HT (n=2, 86.1+/-1.2 zmol (10(-21) mol) cDNA/PCR) followed by GD tissues (n=16, 9.6+/-3.5). Only low amounts were determined in thyroid autonomy (TA) (n=11) thyroid tissues, irrespective of whether the autonomous nodule (0.5+/-0.1) or the surrounding normal tissue (1.8+/-0.7) had been analyzed. The same differences were found for CXCR5 (HT: 179.1+/-6.8; GD: 17.4+/-10.6; TA(nodule): 0.8+/-0.5; TA(normal): 4.4+/-3.6). In GD, there is a correlation between CXCL13 and CXCR5 mRNA levels and the number of focal lymphocytic infiltrates and germinal centers as well as anti-thyroperoxidase but not anti-TSH receptor autoantibodies.

CONCLUSIONS:

CXCR5 and CXCL13 play an essential role in maintaining B- and T-cells in lymphocytic infiltrates and ectopic follicles in thyroid tissue from patients affected by autoimmunity.

PMID:
14763921
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center