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Gastroenterology. 2004 Feb;126(2):511-9.

Prevention of toxin-induced intestinal ion and fluid secretion by a small-molecule CFTR inhibitor.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, 94143, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) provides an important apical route for Cl(-) secretion across intestinal epithelia. A thiazolidinone-type CFTR blocker (CFTR(inh)-172) reduced cholera toxin-induced fluid accumulation in mouse intestinal loops. Here, we characterize the efficacy and pharmacodynamics of CFTR(inh)-172 in blocking cAMP and cGMP induced Cl(-)/fluid secretion in rodent and human intestine.

METHODS & RESULTS:

CFTR(inh)-172 inhibited cAMP and cGMP agonist induced short-circuit current by >95% in T84 colonic epithelial cells (K(I) approximately 3 micromol/L) and in mouse and human intestinal sheets (K(I) approximately 9 micromol/L). A single intraperitoneal injection of CFTR(inh)-172 (200 microg) blocked intestinal fluid secretion in a rat closed-loop model by >90% for cholera toxin and >70% for STa Escherichia coli toxin. In mice, CFTR(inh)-172 (20 microg) inhibited cholera toxin-induced intestinal fluid secretion by 90% (persistence t(1/2) approximately 10 hours, K(I) approximately 5 microg) and STa toxin by 75% (K(I) approximately 10 microg). Tissue distribution and pharmacokinetic studies indicated intestinal CFTR(inh)-172 accumulation facilitated by enterohepatic circulation. An oral CFTR(inh)-172 preparation reduced fluid secretion by >90% in a mouse open-loop cholera model.

CONCLUSIONS:

A small molecule CFTR blocker markedly reduced intestinal ion and fluid secretion caused by cAMP/cGMP-dependent bacterial enterotoxins. CFTR inhibition may thus reduce fluid secretion in infectious secretory diarrheas.

PMID:
14762788
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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