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Theor Appl Genet. 2004 May;108(7):1385-91. Epub 2004 Feb 4.

Genetic diversity in European winter triticale determined with SSR markers and coancestry coefficient.

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State Plant Breeding Institute, University of Hohenheim, Fruwirthstrasse 21, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany.


Knowledge of the genetic diversity of a species is important for the choice of crossing parents in line and hybrid breeding. Our objective was to investigate European winter triticale using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and the coancestry coefficient ( f) with regard to genetic diversity and grouping of germplasm. Three to five primer pairs for each of the 42 chromosomes were selected to analyse 128 European winter triticale varieties and breeding lines. SSR analysis resulted in the identification of 657 alleles with an average of 6.8 alleles per primer pair. The average polymorphism information content (PIC) for polymorphic markers was 0.54. Correlation between f and genetic similarity (GS) estimates based on Rogers' Distance was low (r(fxGS(ABDR))=0.33). The analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed that 84.7% of the total variation was found within breeding companies, and 15.3% among them. In conclusion, SSR markers from wheat and rye provide a powerful tool for assessing genetic diversity in triticale. Even though no distinct groups within the European winter triticale pool could be detected by principal co-ordinate analysis, this study provides basic information about the genetic relationships for breeding purposes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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