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Am J Public Health. 2004 Feb;94(2):308-13.

Effects of tobacco smoke exposure on asthma prevalence and medical care use in North Carolina middle school children.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. jsturm1@jhmi.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to determine the effects of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and childhood cigarette smoking on asthma symptoms among middle school children in North Carolina.

METHODS:

During 1999-2000, information was collected from a survey completed by the children. Outcomes of asthma symptom reporting were regressed on tobacco smoke exposures.

RESULTS:

Children who currently smoked or reported any exposure to ETS were at increased risk of reporting active asthma symptoms. Exposure to ETS and childhood cigarette smoking was responsible for 15% of the asthma cases observed in the study population and $1.34 million in excess medical expenditures.

CONCLUSIONS:

Even at low levels of exposure, childhood cigarette smoking and ETS are independently associated with asthmatic symptoms.

PMID:
14759947
PMCID:
PMC1448248
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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