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Regul Pept. 2004 Apr 15;118(1-2):33-8.

Effects of intracerebroventricularly injected glucagon-like peptide-1 on cardiovascular parameters; role of central cholinergic system and vasopressin.

Author information

1
Uludag University Medical Faculty, Department of Physiology, 16059, Gorukle, Bursa, Turkey. nisibil@uludag.edu.tr

Abstract

We aimed to investigate the effects of intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) injected glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on blood pressure and heart rate, and whether central cholinergic system and vasopressinergic system play roles in these effects. Male Wistar albino rats were used throughout the experiments. Blood pressures and heart rates were observed before and for 30 min following drug injections. i.c.v. GLP-1 (100, 500 and 1000 ng/10 microl) caused a dose-dependent increase in both blood pressure and heart rate. Nicotinic receptor antagonist mecamylamine (25 microg/10 microl, i.c.v.) and muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine (5 microg/10 microl, i.c.v.) prevented the stimulating effect of GLP-1 on blood pressure. The effect of GLP-1 on heart rate was blocked only by mecamylamine. The V1 receptor antagonist of vasopressin (B-mercapto B, B-cyclopentamethylenepropionyl, O-Me-Tyr,Arg)-vasopressin (10 microg/kg), that was applied intraarterially, only prevented the effect of GLP-1 on blood pressure, but did not show any effect on heart rate. Our data indicate that i.c.v. GLP-1 increases blood pressure and heart rate, and stimulation of central nicotinic and partially muscarinic receptors and vasopressinergic system play a role in the effects of i.c.v. GLP-1 on blood pressure. The effect of GLP-1 on heart rate may be partially due to stimulation of central nicotinic receptors.

PMID:
14759554
DOI:
10.1016/j.regpep.2003.10.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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