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J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Feb 11;126(5):1485-92.

Electron transfer at self-assembled monolayers measured by scanning electrochemical microscopy.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA.

Abstract

New approaches have been developed for measuring the rates of electron transfer (ET) across self-assembled molecular monolayers by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). The developed models can be used to independently measure the rates of ET mediated by monolayer-attached redox moieties and direct ET through the film as well as the rate of a bimolecular ET reaction between the attached and dissolved redox species. By using a high concentration of redox mediator in solution, very fast heterogeneous (10(8) s(-1)) and bimolecular (10(11) mol(-1) cm(3) s(-1)) ET rate constants can be measured. The ET rate constants measured for ferrocene/alkanethiol on gold were in agreement with previously published data. The rates of bimolecular heterogeneous electron transfer between the monolayer-bound ferrocene and water-soluble redox species were measured. SECM was also used to measure the rate of ET through nonelectroactive alkanethiol molecules between substrate gold electrodes and a redox probe (Ru(NH(3))(6)(3+)) freely diffusing in the solution, yielding a tunneling decay constant, beta, of 1.0 per methylene group.

PMID:
14759206
DOI:
10.1021/ja038611p
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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