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Early Hum Dev. 2004 Feb;76(2):139-45.

Sweet babies: chocolate consumption during pregnancy and infant temperament at six months.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, P.O. Box 9, 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. karata2@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chocolate contains several biologically active components potentially having behavioral and psychological consequences.

AIMS:

We tested whether chocolate consumption and stress experiences during pregnancy predict mother-rated infant temperament at 6 months.

DESIGN AND SUBJECTS:

Prenatal frequency of chocolate consumption and intensity of psychological stress experience of the mothers, and temperament characteristics of the infants 6 months postpartum were evaluated in 305 consecutive, healthy mother-infant dyads.

RESULTS:

Mothers who reported daily consumption of chocolate rated more positively the temperament of their infants at 6 months. Maternal prenatal stress predicted more negatively tuned ratings of the infant temperament, particularly among those who reported never/seldom chocolate consumption. However, this effect was not observed among the mothers reporting weekly or daily chocolate consumption.

CONCLUSIONS:

In addition to producing subjective feelings of psychological well being, chocolate may have effects at multiple environmental and psychological levels.

PMID:
14757265
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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