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J Neurochem. 2004 Feb;88(4):948-57.

Protein associated with Myc (PAM) is involved in spinal nociceptive processing.

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pharmazentrum frankfurt, Klinikum der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universit├Ąt, Frankfurt, Germany.


PAM (protein associated with Myc) is a potent inhibitor of adenylyl cyclases (ACs) which is primarily expressed in neurones. Here we describe that PAM is highly expressed in dorsal horn neurones and motoneuron of the spinal cord, as well as in neurones of dorsal root ganglia in adult rats. PAM mRNA expression is differentially regulated during development in both spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia of rats, being strongest during the major respective synaptogenic periods. In adult rats, PAM expression was up-regulated in the spinal cord after peripheral nociceptive stimulation using zymosan and formalin injection, suggesting a role for PAM in spinal nociceptive processing. Since PAM inhibited Galphas-stimulated AC activity in dorsal root ganglia as well as spinal cord lysates, we hypothesized that PAM may reduce spinal nociceptive processing by inhibition of cAMP-dependent signalling. Accordingly, intrathecal treatment with antisense but not sense oligonucleotides against PAM increased basal and Galphas-stimulated AC activity in the spinal cord and enhanced formalin-induced nociceptive behaviour in adult rats. Taken together our findings demonstrate that PAM is involved in spinal nociceptive processing.

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