Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Psychol Rev. 2004 Jan;111(1):159-82.

A diffusion model account of the lexical decision task.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210-1222, USA.

Abstract

The diffusion model for 2-choice decisions (R. Ratcliff, 1978) was applied to data from lexical decision experiments in which word frequency, proportion of high- versus low-frequency words, and type of nonword were manipulated. The model gave a good account of all of the dependent variables--accuracy, correct and error response times, and their distributions--and provided a description of how the component processes involved in the lexical decision task were affected by experimental variables. All of the variables investigated affected the rate at which information was accumulated from the stimuli--called drift rate in the model. The different drift rates observed for the various classes of stimuli can all be explained by a 2-dimensional signal-detection representation of stimulus information. The authors discuss how this representation and the diffusion model's decision process might be integrated with current models of lexical access.

PMID:
14756592
PMCID:
PMC1403837
DOI:
10.1037/0033-295X.111.1.159
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Psychological Association Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center