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Plant Mol Biol. 2003 Sep;53(1-2):37-50.

A RING-H2 zinc-finger protein gene RIE1 is essential for seed development in Arabidopsis.

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Department of Botany, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA.


RING zinc-finger proteins play important roles in the regulation of development in a variety of organisms. In the plant kingdom, few genes encoding RING zinc-finger proteins have been documented with visible effects on plant growth and development. A novel gene, RIE1, encoding a RING-H2 zinc-finger protein was identified in Arabidopsis thaliana and is characterized in this paper. RIE1 encodes a predicted protein product of 359 amino acids residues with a molecular mass of 40 kDa, with a RING-H2 zinc-finger motif located at the extreme end of the C-terminus. Characterization of a Dissociation (Ds) insertion line (SGT4559) and a T-DNA insertion line (SRIE1) demonstrated that disruption of RIE1 is embryo-lethal. SGT4559 heterozygous plants produced seeds with embryo development arrested from globular to torpedo stages. Some mutant seeds were rescued by embryo culture, and the mutant (rie1) plants seemed to grow normally compared to wild-type plants, except that the mutants produced only abnormal seeds. However, RIE1 was expressed in different tissues throughout the whole plant as revealed by northern blot analysis and gene fusion assay of RIE1 promoter with the beta-glucuronidase (GUS) gene. Our results indicated that RIE1 plays an essential role in seed development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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