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Magn Reson Med. 2004 Feb;51(2):304-11.

Longitudinal MRI tracking of the angiogenic response to hind limb ischemic injury in the mouse.

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1
Department of Biological Regulation, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.

Abstract

Ischemic injury and revascularization are frequently associated with hyperpermeability. Although extravasation of plasma proteins may promote tissue recovery through the generation of the provisional matrix that supports angiogenesis, edema may also result in progressive damage to the muscle. The aim of this research was to determine the time course of hyperpermeability associated with the angiogenic response induced by ligation of the femoral artery at the right posterior limb in mice. Hyperpermeability was followed noninvasively by MRI using an in-house-built permanent polyethylene catheter that enabled daily intravenous administration of biotin-BSA-Gd-DTPA. The mice were scanned once prior to ligation and five times during the week post-ligation. The MRI data, along with histopathology, indicated that the early hemodynamic compensation over loss of arterial blood supply occurred by angiogenesis and dilation of vessels in the skin and subcutaneous fat, and was accompanied by vascular hyperpermeability around the site of ligation. Functional recovery of the ischemic limb (i.e., regaining the ability to step on the limb), and the color and shape of the toes correlated with regeneration as shown by histopathology and MRI analysis. Thus, MRI provided valuable information on the transient hyperpermeability induced during the early stages of angiogenesis, and its subsequent resolution along with functional recovery from acute hind limb ischemia in mice.

PMID:
14755656
DOI:
10.1002/mrm.10687
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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