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J Biol Chem. 2004 Apr 23;279(17):17772-84. Epub 2004 Jan 30.

PE-1/METS, an antiproliferative Ets repressor factor, is induced by CREB-1/CREM-1 during macrophage differentiation.

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Departments of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA.


The molecular mechanisms involved in regulating the balance between cellular proliferation and differentiation remain poorly understood. Members of the Ets-domain family of transcription factors are candidates for proteins that might differentially regulate cell cycle control and cell type-specific genes during the differentiation of myeloid progenitor cells. The Ets repressor PE-1/METS has been suggested to contribute to growth arrest during terminal macrophage differentiation by repressing Ets target genes involved in Ras-dependent proliferation. An important feature of this regulatory model is that PE-1/METS is itself induced by the program of macrophage differentiation elicited by M-CSF. Here, we present evidence that the PE-1/METS gene is a transcriptional target of the cyclic AMP response element-binding protein-1 (CREB-1). CREB-1 expression is dramatically up-regulated during macrophage differentiation and phosphorylation of CREB-1 and the related factor CREM-1 are stimulated by M-CSF in a SAPK2/p38-dependent manner. Chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrate that CREB-1/CREM-1 are recruited to the PE-1/METS promoter as well as to the promoters of other genes that are up-regulated during terminal macrophage differentiation. Overexpression of CREB-1 stimulates the activities of the PE-1/METS, and macrosialin promoters, while expression of a dominant negative form of CREB-1 during macrophage differentiation inhibits expression of the PE-1/METS and macrosialin genes. Inhibition of CREB function also results in reduced expression of CD54 and impaired cell adhesion. Taken together, these findings reveal new roles of CREB-1/CREM-1 as regulators of macrophage differentiation.

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