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Phys Rev Lett. 2003 Dec 31;91(26 Pt 1):267001. Epub 2003 Dec 23.

Josephson behavior of phase-slip lines in wide superconducting strips.

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B. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, 61103 Kharkov, Ukraine.


Phase-slip lines can be viewed as dynamically created Josephson junctions in a homogeneous superconducting film. In contrast to phase-slip centers, phase-slip lines occur in wide superconducting strips, where the order parameter may vary in two dimensions. We investigated phase-slip lines in two different materials using several methods. We observed Shapiro steps under microwave radiation, which shows that the frequency of the order parameter oscillation is equal to Josephson frequency. A periodic oscillation of a critical current versus the applied magnetic field was found in strips with a hole in the middle. The latter effect provides a clear evidence of macroscopic quantum interference across a phase-slip line. We have used low temperature scanning laser microscopy to visualize the phase-slip lines and to distinguish them from possible local inhomogeneities in the films.

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