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J Chromatogr A. 2004 Jan 2;1022(1-2):51-65.

Effects of pH and the presence of micelles on the resolution of diuretics by reversed-phase liquid chromatography.

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  • 1Departament de Química Analítica, Universitat de València, c/Dr Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain.


A comparative study on the performance of two RPLC modes on the separation of 18 diuretics with diverse acid-base behaviour (acetazolamide, althiazide, amiloride, bendroflumethiazide, benzthiazide, bumetanide, canrenoic acid, chlorothiazide, chlorthalidone, ethacrynic acid, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide, piretanide, probenecid, spironolactone, triamterene, trichloromethiazide and xipamide) was carried out. A conventional octadecylsilane column and acidic acetonitrile-water mobile phases, in the absence and presence of micelles of the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), were used. The effects of pH and the modifiers acetonitrile and SDS on peak asymmetry, efficiency, selectivity, resolution and analysis time, were examined. The comparison of both RPLC modes (aqueous- and micellar-organics) was done using the same processing tools, applying several polynomial and mechanistic equations to describe the retention. The best separations were obtained by maximising the product of peak purities, considering a wide range of experimental conditions. The study illustrates that, despite the theoretical and practical complexity of the problem, the predicted optimal chromatograms can be reproduced experimentally with great accuracy. None of the examined RPLC modes was able to yield baseline separation of the 18 diuretics. However, their selectivity was complementary, being appropriate for different combinations of a smaller number of the assayed diuretics.

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