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Ir Med J. 2003 Oct;96(9):265-7.

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: 5 years of clinical experience on 238 patients.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery and Gastroenterology, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland. j.sheehan@st-vincents.ie

Abstract

Since Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) feeding was introduced, 20 years ago it has been increasingly utilised in medical practice. The aim of this study was to assess the current indications and complications associated with PEG feeding. This study was a retrospective review of hospital charts dealing with PEG placement over a period of five years. The indications for insertion were, central nervous disease 76% (n = 156), other benign disease 14% (n = 28) and malignancy 10% (n = 21). Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) alone accounted for 47% (n = 97). Ninety seven (50%) patients had minor complications, which included 43 (22%) wound infections. There were 6 (3%) major complications, including peritonitis, perforation and aspiration pneumonia. There were four deaths (2%) related to PEG placement, of whom three developed aspiration pneumonia and one peritonitis. The overall 30 day mortality rate was 16%. There was a 75% increase in the use of PEG placement over the five year period. PEG placements were associated with a 53% morbidity and a 2% procedure related mortality. There was a 16% 30 day mortality following PEG placement suggesting that the selection criteria for PEG placement may need to be refined further.

PMID:
14753579
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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