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Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2003;86:271-5.

Antioxidant properties of the vasoactive endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG).

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Resuscitative Medicine Department, Naval Medical Research Center, Forest Glen, MD, USA.


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) were shown to play a role in altering blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability and formation of brain edema induced by trauma and/or ischemia. 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG), a novel, potent vasodilatory and cytoprotective endocannabinoid has been implicated to act as an antioxidative agent. This study examines: 1) the possible 2-AG modulation of BBB injury and edema formation induced by closed head injury (CHI); and 2) comparable effects between 2-AG and 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl (TPL), a known antioxidant nitroxide on endothelial Ca2+ and cytoskeletal responses to H2O2 (ROS). 2-AG treatment reduced the CHI-induced increase in BBB permeability and brain edema. The endothelial H2O2-stimulated Ca2+ mobilization and cytoskeleton (vimentin) rearrangement was modified by either 2-AG or TPL. These findings provide evidence of 2-AG antioxidant activity and are consistent with the involvement of ROS in the pathomechanism of CHI-induced BBB injury and brain edema.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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