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Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2003;86:71-4.

NTP and PCr responses to hypoxia by hypothermic and normothermic respiring, superfused, neonatal rat cerebrocortical slices: an NMR spectroscopy study at 14.1 Tesla.

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Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143-0648, USA.


Although mechanisms of hypothermic neuroprotection during oxygen deprivation have long been investigated, further characterizations of various molecular mechanisms are appropriate. Anticipating future studies of hypothermia and hypoxia/ischemia, we investigated the extent to which our ex vivo, NMR-based, superfused brain slice model might be helpful. (Slices are approximately 350 microm thick, with 18 slices per 8 mm NMR tube.) 31P NMR spectroscopic measurements were made of hypothermia-induced changes in high energy phosphates, while simultaneously monitoring and controlling tissue temperature, using 1H NMR, the high spectroscopic resolution available at 14.1 Tesla (600 MHz for protons), and a recently published protocol. NTP and PCr concentrations in healthy, well-oxygenated slices decreased to (55 +/- 15)% and (66 +/- 30)% of their respective values at 28.0 degrees C when warmed to 38.0 degrees C, in approximate agreement with earlier in vivo studies by others. During 30 min hypoxia NTP and PCr decreased to non-observable values, regardless of temperature. After reoxygenation, NTP and PCr recoveries as percentages of respective prehypoxia values were (63% +/- 16%; 70%) +/- 5%) for hypothermic slices (28.0 degrees C), and (46% +/- 13%; 41% +/- hypothermic neuroprotection during oxygen deprivation in this model, which appears suitable for use in further studies.

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