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Histochem Cell Biol. 2004 Feb;121(2):131-40. Epub 2004 Jan 30.

Early signs of lung fibrosis after in vitro treatment of rat lung slices with CdCl2 and TGF-beta1.

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Institute of Anatomy, Medical Faculty, Technical University of Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany.


Precision-cut rat lung slices have been employed in combination with an extensive immunohistochemistry of paraffin-embedded slices for monitoring of early pathohistological changes after exposure to CdCl(2)/TGF-beta(1). Three days of CdCl(2) exposure in combination with TGF-beta(1) seem to be sufficient to induce lung injury with alterations similar to changes observed in early lung fibrogenesis: (1) extracellular matrix accumulation and myofibroblast transdifferentiation (Sirius red staining, collagen type IV, alpha-smooth muscle actin), (2) type I cell injury with loss of type I cell antigens (T1alpha antigen, aquaporin-5, RAGE), (3) increased apoptosis of pulmonary cells (active caspase-3, vimentin cleavage product V1 of caspase-9), and (4) activation of microvascular endothelial cells (podocalyxin, caveolin-1). Western blot analysis confirmed the increasing amount of alpha-smooth muscle actin, the loss of T1alpha antigen, and the increase in caveolin-1 immunoreactivity. The explant culture using CdCl(2)/TGF-beta(1) provides a suitable tool for the study of other factors involved in pulmonary pathology including transcription factors, cytokines, and other metabolites involved in early stages of fibrogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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