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Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2004 Jan-Feb;15(1):14-9; discussion 19. Epub 2003 Dec 19.

The short-term prevalence of de novo urinary symptoms after different modes of hysterectomy.

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Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Herning Central Hospital, 7400, Herning, Denmark.


The aim of this study was to determine the short-term prevalence of de novo urinary symptoms after hysterectomy indicated by meno/metrorrhagia or dysmenorrhea/dyspareunia. The study group consisted of 451 women who had had a hysterectomy for reasons of meno/metrorrhagia or dysmenorrhea/dyspareunia. Fifty-three (12%) had a supracervical, 151 (33%) a total abdominal and 247 (55%) a vaginal hysterectomy. As a non-gynecologic background population we enrolled 110 women who had had their gallbladder removed laparoscopically. All women received a postal questionnaire 9-45 months after their operation. Specific questions were asked about their voiding habits, comprising significant stress incontinence, bothersome stress incontinence, significant urge incontinence, bothersome urge incontinence, pollakisuria, nocturia, use of pads, and the feeling of having a hygiene problem. To evaluate de novo symptoms or de novo cure, the women assessed the symptoms before as well as after the operation. Results showed that abdominal hysterectomy lasted longer, had heavier blood loss and required longer hospitalization than did vaginal or supracervical hysterectomy. Women scheduled for a supracervical hysterectomy had preoperatively more significant and bothersome urge incontinence, and postoperatively more significant urge, urgency, and feeling of having a hygienic problem than did women having a vaginal hysterectomy, a total abdominal hysterectomy or a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. When assessing de novo symptoms, supracervical hysterectomy was associated with more urgency and the feeling of having a hygienic problem. Some women experienced de novo cure, but these were almost exclusively in the study group and rarely in the control group. It was concluded that supracervical hysterectomy is related to more urinary symptoms than vaginal or total abdominal hysterectomy. De novo symptoms as well as de novo cure are common, which is why urinary symptoms after hysterectomy must be evaluated over time.

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