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Mol Carcinog. 2004 Feb;39(2):91-102.

Suppression of polyamine catabolism by activated Ki-ras in human colon cancer cells.

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Department of Cell Biology, Arizona Cancer Center, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85724, USA.


An activated Ki-ras was expressed in the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line Caco-2 to study the effects of Ki-ras oncogene on polyamine metabolism during gastrointestinal tumorigenesis. Multiple clones selected for expression of the mutant Ki-ras transgene displayed a suppression of transcription of a key catabolic enzyme in polyamine catabolism spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase (SSAT). Gene expression analysis, with cDNA microarrays, showed that Ki-ras transfected clones had decreased levels of expression, compared to mock transfected cells, of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), a member of the nuclear hormone receptor family and an important regulator of cell proliferation and differentiation. The activated Ki-ras suppressed SSAT expression by a mechanism involving the PPARgamma response element (PPRE) located at +48 bp relative to the transcription start site of the SSAT gene. Transient expression of the PPARgamma protein in Ki-ras expressing Caco-2 clones, or treatment with the PPARgamma ligand ciglitazone, led to an increase in the SSAT promoter activity. A MEK1/2 inhibitor PD98059 induced transcription of both PPARgamma and SSAT genes in the activated Ki-ras clones, suggesting that the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) were involved in the regulation of SSAT expression by PPARgamma. We concluded that mutated Ki-ras suppressed SSAT via a transcriptional mechanism involving the PPARgamma signaling pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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