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Endocrinology. 2004 May;145(5):2141-7. Epub 2004 Jan 28.

Synergistic induction of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-linked 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase by an androgen and interleukin-6 or forskolin in human prostate cancer cells.

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Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536-0082, USA.


The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) catalyzes the oxidation of 15 (S)-hydroxyl group of prostaglandins and lipoxins and participates along with cyclooxygenases and lipoxygenases in controlling the cellular levels of prostaglandins and lipoxins. 15-PGDH could be induced by IL-6 and forskolin in addition to androgens in a time- and dose-dependent manner but not by other cytokines and growth factors in LNCaP cells. Concurrent addition of IL-6 and forskolin showed additive effect in the induction of 15-PGDH activity. However, combined addition of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and IL-6 or DHT plus forskolin exhibited synergistic induction of 15-PGDH activity. The increase in enzyme activity was correlated with the expression of the enzyme protein as shown by Western blot analysis. The induction by DHT or IL-6 or forskolin or their combinations was inhibited by antiandrogen, casodex, in a dose-dependent manner, indicating that a functional androgen receptor was required for the action of any of these three agents. The induction by forskolin plus DHT or by either agent or by IL-6 alone was greatly inhibited by H-89, indicating the involvement of protein kinase A in the actions of forskolin, DHT, and IL-6. The induction of 15-PGDH by IL-6 was also blocked by some other protein kinase inhibitors, indicating the participation of MAPK, MAPK/ERK kinase, and STAT3 in the signaling pathway of IL-6. These results indicate that the induction of 15-PGDH by DHT, IL-6, and forskolin in LNCaP cells may involve a functional androgen receptor and phosphorylation-dependent multiple signaling pathways.

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