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Cancer Cell. 2004 Jan;5(1):91-102.

Small-molecule antagonists of the oncogenic Tcf/beta-catenin protein complex.

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1
Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Abstract

Key molecular lesions in colorectal and other cancers cause beta-catenin-dependent transactivation of T cell factor (Tcf)-dependent genes. Disruption of this signal represents an opportunity for rational cancer therapy. To identify compounds that inhibit association between Tcf4 and beta-catenin, we screened libraries of natural compounds in a high-throughput assay for immunoenzymatic detection of the protein-protein interaction. Selected compounds disrupt Tcf/beta-catenin complexes in several independent in vitro assays and potently antagonize cellular effects of beta-catenin-dependent activities, including reporter gene activation, c-myc or cyclin D1 expression, cell proliferation, and duplication of the Xenopus embryonic dorsal axis. These compounds thus meet predicted criteria for disrupting Tcf/beta-catenin complexes and define a general standard to establish mechanism-based activity of small molecule inhibitors of this pathogenic protein-protein interaction.

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PMID:
14749129
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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