Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Gen Intern Med. 2004 Jan;19(1):1-7.

Do regulations limiting residents' work hours affect patient mortality?

Author information

1
Scientist Training Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Erratum in

  • J Gen Intern Med. 2004 Feb;19(2):204. Silber, Jeffery H [corrected to Silber, Jeffrey H].

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To conduct a statewide analysis of the effect of New York's regulations, limiting internal medicine and family practice residents' work hours, on patient mortality.

DESIGN:

Retrospective study of inpatient discharge files for 1988 (before the regulations) and 1991 (after the regulations).

SETTING AND PATIENTS:

Adult patients discharged from New York teaching hospitals (170214) and nonteaching hospitals (143,455) with a principal diagnosis of congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, or pneumonia, for the years 1988 and 1991 (periods before and after Code 405 regulations went into law). Patients from nonteaching hospitals served as controls.

MEASUREMENT:

In-hospital mortality.

RESULTS:

Combined unadjusted mortality for congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, and pneumonia patients declined between 1988 and 1991 in both teaching (14.1% to 13.0%; P =.0001) and nonteaching hospitals (14.0% to 12.5%; P =.0001). Adjusted mortality also declined between 1988 and 1991 in both teaching (odds ratio [OR], death 1991/1988, 0.868; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.843 to 0.894; P =.0001) and nonteaching hospitals (OR, death 1991/1988, 0.853; 95% CI, 0.826 to 0.881; P =.0001). This beneficial trend toward lower mortality over time was nearly identical between teaching and nonteaching hospitals (P =.4348).

CONCLUSION:

New York's mandated limitations on residents' work hours do not appear to have positively or negatively affected in-hospital mortality from congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, or pneumonia in teaching hospitals.

PMID:
14748854
PMCID:
PMC1494680
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center