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Eur J Neurol. 2004 Feb;11(2):97-102.

Risk modifiers for peripheral sensory neuropathy in HIV infection/AIDS.

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Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, PA, USA.


The objective of this study is to examine the risk factors associated with the development of sensory neuropathy in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in 292 HIV+ patients recruited through a community-based sentinel survey. We determined the clinical and treatment factors associated with the presence of peripheral sensory neuropathy in HIV+ subjects at baseline examination, and at 1-year follow-up. Baseline examination was assessed with a logistic regression analysis controlling for age, education level, history of drug/alcohol use, and anti-retroviral treatment. The risk of developing new peripheral neuropathy at follow-up was determined using a Cox proportional hazard model analysis. At study entry, neuropathy (n=64) was associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) (i.e. ddC), and history of alcohol abuse. After 1-year follow-up, the development of neuropathy was predicted by AIDS, age (older subjects), and NRTI use. These findings indicated that AIDS, age, alcohol abuse/dependence, and anti-retroviral medication use are important predictors of motor/sensory peripheral neuropathy in the HIV infection. The peripheral neurotoxic effect of anti-retroviral medication should be taken into account in the design of long-term therapies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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