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Mikrobiyol Bul. 2003 Oct;37(4):261-7.

[The value of the immunoglobulin G avidity test for the serologic diagnosis of brucellosis].

[Article in Turkish]

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1
Ankara Numune Eğitim ve Araştirma Hastanesi, Birinci Infeksiyon Hastaliklari ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Kliniği, Ankara.

Abstract

In order to investigate the value of immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity test for the serological diagnosis of Brucella infections, a total of 118 patients (74 male, 44 female; mean age: 43 +/- 18.7 years) were included into the present study. The patients have been diagnosed with the characteristic clinical findings, > or = 1/160 antibody titers in standard tube agglutination (STA) test and/or blood culture positivities. Brucella spp. have been grown in blood cultures of 78 patients, and STA test results were found positive (> or = 1/160 titers) in 117 patients. The diagnosis of a patient with 1/80 STA titer was based on the blood culture positivity. By enzyme immunoassay (ELISA), 3 patients (2.5%) were found positive for IgM, 14 (11.9%) were positive for IgG, and 101 (85.6%) were positive for both IgM and IgG. The patients who were found IgG positive have been grouped according to their duration of complaints. Group 1 included 99 patients with the history of brucellosis < or = 6 months, and group 2 included 16 patients with the history of brucellosis > 6 months. IgG avidity test was performed by ELISA in 115 IgG positive serum samples, with the denaturation substance (8 M urea). The cut-off value for IgG avidity index (AI) was accepted as 40%, and the avidity maturation period was defined as 6 months. As a result, the rates of patients who had low IgG AI in group 1 and 2 were found as 91.9% and 43.7%, respectively, while these rates were 8.1% and 56.3% for the presence of high IgG AI, respectively. The rate of low AI in group 1 was an expected result, while the rate was more than expected in group 2, indicating that Brucella antibodies with low avidity indices would not be helpful for the diagnosis of a recent infection, while Brucella antibodies with high avidity indices would be useful for the elimination of a recent infection.

PMID:
14748263
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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