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Trends Genet. 2004 Feb;20(2):62-7.

Comparative analysis of processed pseudogenes in the mouse and human genomes.

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Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, 266 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


Pseudogenes are important resources in evolutionary and comparative genomics because they provide molecular records of the ancient genes that existed in the genome millions of years ago. We have systematically identified approximately 5000 processed pseudogenes in the mouse genome, and estimated that approximately 60% are lineage specific, created after the mouse and human diverged. In both mouse and human genomes, similar types of genes give rise to many processed pseudogenes. These tend to be housekeeping genes, which are highly expressed in the germ line. Ribosomal-protein genes, in particular, form the largest sub-group. The processed pseudogenes in the mouse occur with a distinctly different chromosomal distribution than LINEs or SINEs - preferentially in GC-poor regions. Finally, the age distribution of mouse-processed pseudogenes closely resembles that of LINEs, in contrast to human, where the age distribution closely follows Alus (SINEs).

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