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Annu Rev Med. 2004;55:223-37.

The impact of minimally invasive surgical techniques.

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The Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College London, Praed Street, W2 1NY London, United Kingdom.


The use of minimally invasive techniques (MIT) in patient care is well documented in ancient history; however, it was not until the 1990s that advancements in technology enabled surgeons to realize the true potential of this approach. The minimally invasive approach has revolutionized surgical care, significantly reducing postoperative pain, recovery time, and hospital stays with marked improvements in cosmetic outcome and overall cost-effectiveness. It is now used around the world and in all major fields of surgery, compelling changes in training programs in order to assure quality control and patient safety. The bond between surgeons practicing minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and the high-tech industry is of utmost importance to future developments. Surgical robotic systems represent the most technologically advanced product of this collaboration, and their potential application in MIS shows much promise. As technology advances, additional developments in MIT are likely.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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