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Coll Antropol. 2003 Dec;27(2):693-8.

Unilateral multicentric breast cancer.

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1
Department of Surgery, General Hospital Pozega, Pozega, Croatia.

Abstract

Clinical characteristics of unilateral multicentric breast cancer (UMBC) were explored depending on aggressiveness, survival rate, disease-free period and local recurrence. The study included 296 women with breast cancer, surgically treated between 1990 and 2001. UMBC was histologically proved in 29 (9.8%) patients. Multicentricity was defined by following criteria: a) tumor with minimum one satellite node in the same or other quadrant of the breast; b) minimum one cut through the breast without tumor cells; c) histopathologically, discontinued tumors with intra-ductal invasion. The average age of patients was 63.4 (range 36-85). There were 9 (31.0%) women with one satellite node, 7 (24.1%) women with two satellite nodes, and 13 (44.8%) women with three or more satellite nodes. At the operation, axilla was positive in 20 (68.9%) women. Steroid receptors were highly positive in 12 (41.4%) patients. Primary and secondary tumors were of the same histological type in 26 (89.6%) patients. Local recurrence was found in only 3 (10.3%) patients. A five-year period without disease was achieved in 24 (82.7%) women. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a significantly higher survival rate at lower tumor stages (I or II) unlike in advanced stages with predominantly N2 grade. The results of this study showed a slightly lower five-year disease-free period than in the case of patients with monocentric breast cancer (MOBC). The survival rate was significantly lower at all advanced stages, especially determined by N2 axilla. Therefore, the conclusion is that multicentricity doesn't increase the risk of poor prognosis, especially at lower tumor stages.

PMID:
14746160
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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