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J Mol Biol. 1992 Dec 20;228(4):1037-41.

Base pairing geometry in GA mismatches depends entirely on the neighboring sequence.

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Chemistry Department, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.


We have synthesized nine self-complementary DNA oligomers containing different flanking sequences adjacent to a pair of contiguous GA mismatches, and have used high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (n.m.r.) to investigate the GpA phosphodiester backbone conformation and mismatch pairing schemes in these duplexes. We found dramatic effects of the flanking base pair on the hydrogen bonding and backbone conformation, which appear to be coupled. Thus the Ganti-Aanti base pairing scheme in a NAGATN sequence switches to a more stable sheared GA base pairing scheme in a NCGAGN or NTGAAN context, while no duplex is formed (or only GA bulges occur) when NAGATN is changed to NGGACN. Furthermore, the more stable sheared GA pairing in NPyGAPuN sequences is associated with a BII rather than BI backbone conformation for the phosphodiester between the adjacent mismatched GA pairs. The overall stability of these adjacent GA mismatches as measured by imino proton n.m.r. studies is Py-GA-Pu > A-GA-T > G-GA-C.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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