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Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Feb 1;55(3):234-43.

Protein kinase A in postmortem brain of depressed suicide victims: altered expression of specific regulatory and catalytic subunits.

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1
Psychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1601 W. Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We recently reported reduced [3H]cyclic adenosine monophosphate binding and catalytic activity of protein kinase A in prefrontal cortex of depressed suicide victims. Here we examined the molecular basis of these alterations and whether these findings can be replicated in another cohort.

METHODS:

Prefrontal cortex from depressed suicide victims and nonpsychiatric controls were obtained from the Lenhossek Human Brain Program, Budapest and the Maryland Brain Collection Program. [3H]cyclic adenosine monophosphate binding and protein kinase A activity were determined by radioligand binding and enzymatic assay, respectively. Expression of catalytic and regulatory subunits was determined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively.

RESULTS:

[3H]cyclic adenosine monophosphate binding and total and endogenous protein kinase A activity were significantly decreased in membrane and cytosol fractions of prefrontal cortex of depressed suicide victims from the Budapest cohort, with a similar magnitude (33%-40% reduction) as reported for the Maryland cohort. In both cohorts, selective reduction (36%-41%) in mRNA and protein expression of the regulatory RIIbeta and the catalytic Cbeta was observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest abnormalities in [3H]cyclic adenosine monophosphate binding and catalytic activity kinase A in brain of depressed suicide victims, which could be due to reduced expression of RIIbeta and Cbeta. These abnormalities in PKA may be critical in the pathophysiology of depression.

PMID:
14744463
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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