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Neurol Clin. 2003 Nov;21(4):833-51, vi-vii.

Germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage in the premature newborn: management and outcome.

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Division of Neurology, University of British Columbia, British Columbia's Children's Hospital, 4480 Oak Street, Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4, Canada.


Germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GMH-IVH) in the premature newborn results from rupture of fragile capillaries in the germinal matrix. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial and relates principally to a pressure-passive cerebral circulation, fluctuations in cerebral blood flow, and derangements of coagulation and fragility of the germinal matrix microvasculature. Several interventions have beneficial effects for prevention of GMH-IVH. Outcome after GMH-IVH relates largely to the severity of hemorrhage, the extent of hemorrhagic and ischemic parenchymal involvement, and complications (e.g., posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus). Even in the absence of neuroimaging abnormalities, VLBW infants have a high incidence of academic and behavioral problems which persist into adolescence and early adulthood.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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