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Acta Trop. 2004 Mar;90(1):55-60.

In vitro activity of quinolines against Plasmodium falciparum in Gabon.

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Department of Parasitology, Institute for Tropical Medicine, University of Tübingen, Wilhelmstrasse 27, 72074, Tübingen, Germany.


The assessment of drug sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to antimalarial drugs is of vital interest for malaria endemic regions. We conducted a follow-up study to monitor the in vitro activity of the most commonly used quinolines against fresh P. falciparum isolates in Lambaréné, Gabon by measuring schizont maturation inhibition in 2002. Mean 50% effective concentration levels for chloroquine, quinine, and mefloquine were 5.5micromol/l blood, 286nmol/l blood medium mixture (BMM), and 1.1micromol/l blood, respectively. All isolates (n=40) were found to be highly resistant to chloroquine. One isolate was resistant to mefloquine and five isolates were presenting borderline-resistance. All isolates were inhibited by quinine concentrations below the threshold of resistance (n=43). Besides the observation of an increasing number of borderline resistant isolates to mefloquine, an extremly high parasite resistance to chloroquine-still officially the first line antimalarial in Gabon-seems to be of particular concern.

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