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Lancet. 2004 Jan 17;363(9404):211-2.

Total energy expenditure and physical activity in young Scottish children: mixed longitudinal study.

Author information

1
University of Glasgow Division of Developmental Medicine, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, G3 8SJ, Glasgow, UK. jjr2y@clinmed.gla.ac.uk

Abstract

Childhood obesity has been attributed to a decline in total energy expenditure (TEE). We measured TEE, physical activity, and sedentary behaviour in a representative sample of young children from Glasgow, UK, at age 3 years (n=78), and we did a follow-up study at age 5 years (n=72). Mean physical activity level (TEE/resting energy expenditure) was 1.56 (SD 0.39) at age 3 years and 1.61 (0.22) at age 5 years. Median time in sedentary behaviour was 79% of monitored hours at age 3 years (IQR 74-84) and 76% (71-80) at age 5 years. Median time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity represented only 2% of monitored hours at age 3 years (IQR 1-4) and 4% at age 5 years (2-6). Modern British children establish a sedentary lifestyle at an early age.

PMID:
14738795
DOI:
10.1016/s0140-6736(03)15331-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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