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Planta Med. 2003 Nov;69(11):1001-4.

Antinociceptive effects of ginsenosides injected intracerebroventricularly or intrathecally in substance P-induced pain model.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine and Institute of Natural Medicine, Hallym University, Kangwondo, South Korea.

Abstract

We have examined the effects of several ginsenosides (Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, Rg1 and Rg3) administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) or intrathecally (i.t.) on the nociceptive behavior induced by substance P (0.7 microg) injected i.t. Among the several ginsenosides studied, Rb2, Rc, Rd, and Re, but not Rb1, Rf, Rg1 and Rg3, treated i.c.v. (50 microg) attenuated the nociceptive behavior induced by substance P injected i.t. On the other hand, we found that i.t. treatment with 50 microg of Rb1, Rb2, Rd, or Rf effectively attenuated the nociceptive behavior induced by i.t. injected substance P. However, the i.t. treatment with the same doses of Rc, Re, Rg1 or Rg3 was not effective for antagonizing i.t. injected substance P-induced nociceptive behavior. Our results show that ginsenosides Rb2, Rc, Rd, or R2 injected supraspinally exert a antinociceptive effect in the substance P-induced pain model. Furthermore, Rb1, Rb2, Rd, or Rf treated spinally produce antinociception in the substance P-induced pain model.

PMID:
14735436
DOI:
10.1055/s-2003-45145
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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