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J Clin Neurophysiol. 2003 Nov-Dec;20(6):408-25.

Infantile epileptic encephalopathy with hypsarrhythmia (infantile spasms/West syndrome).

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Peter Kellaway Section of Neurophysiology, Department of Neurology and Division of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, U.S.A.


Infantile spasms is a unique disorder peculiar to infancy and early childhood. In this article, the clinical manifestations and electroencephalographic features of the disorder are described. The possible pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying infantile spasms and the relation of this disorder to other childhood encephalopathies are discussed. Finally, the treatment of patients with infantile spasms and their long-term outcome are briefly reviewed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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