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J Surg Res. 2004 Jan;116(1):14-8.

Tumor necrosis factor alpha disrupts tight junction assembly.

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Department of Surgery, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA.



We have previously shown an increase in intestinal permeability and a corresponding decrease in the expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins in the in testines of patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) has been implicated in the inflammatory process of CD and its suppression has therapeutic benefit. ZO-1, occludin, and the claudins are key proteins in the TJ.


TNFalpha disrupts the TJ.


MDCK cells were incubated with TNFalpha (0-100 ng/ml) for 5 days. Qualitative evaluation of the TJ was done with monoclonal antibody to ZO-1 detected by an immunofluorescence. Duplicate cells were lysed and ZO-1, occludin, and claudin-1 amount determined by western blot.


Immunofluorescent staining of MDCK cells for ZO-1 showed TJ structural disruption with increasing amount of TNFalpha characterized by fragmented staining of ZO-1. There were no significant differences in quantitation of ZO-1 or occludin in the MDCK cells for all TNFalpha concentrations. There was a significant decrease in the amount of claudin-1 with increasing concentration of TNFalpha.


(1) MDCK TJs are qualitatively disrupted by TNFalpha. (2) This disruption is not because of a decrease in cell number, lack of cell layer confluency, or a decrease in the amount of ZO-1 or occludin. (3) The amount of claudin-1 present in the cell is decreased with increasing amounts of TNFalpha suggesting that the lack of claudin-1 may cause a relocation of ZO-1 away from the TJ. (4) This rearrangement may play a role in the increased intestinal permeability seen in CD and other diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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