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Free Radic Biol Med. 2004 Jan 1;36(1):65-77.

Overexpression of human peroxiredoxin 5 in subcellular compartments of Chinese hamster ovary cells: effects on cytotoxicity and DNA damage caused by peroxides.

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1
Laboratory of Cell Biology, Institut des Sciences de la Vie, Université catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium.

Abstract

Peroxiredoxin 5 is a mammalian thioredoxin peroxidase ubiquitously expressed in tissues. Peroxiredoxin 5 can be intracellularly localized to mitochondria, peroxisomes, the cytosol, and, to a lesser extent, the nucleus. This remarkably wide subcellular distribution compared with the five other mammalian peroxiredoxins prompted us to further investigate the antioxidant protective function of peroxiredoxin 5 in mammalian cells according to its subcellular localization. Chinese hamster ovary cells overexpressing human peroxiredoxin 5 in the cytosol, in mitochondria, or in the nucleus were established by stable transfection. Cells overexpressing peroxiredoxin 5 were exposed for 1 h to low or acute oxidative stress with exogenously added hydrogen peroxide or tert-butylhydroperoxide. Cell protection conferred by peroxiredoxin 5 was evaluated by clonogenicity and lactate dehydrogenase assays. Overexpressing peroxiredoxin 5 in either the cytosolic, mitochondrial, or nuclear compartment significantly reduced cell death, with more effective protection with overexpression of peroxiredoxin 5 in mitochondria, confirming that this organelle is a major target of peroxides. Moreover, we evaluated, with the comet assay, nuclear DNA damage induced by hydrogen peroxide or tert-butylhydroperoxide. Overexpression of peroxiredoxin 5 in the nucleus significantly decreased DNA damage induced by both peroxides. In conclusion, the present study suggests that multiple subcellular targeting of peroxiredoxin 5 in mammalian cells can be implicated in antioxidant protective mechanisms under nonpathological conditions but also during acute oxidative stress caused by peroxides occurring in pathophysiological situations.

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